Municipal Finance

Municipal governments in Ontario are stewards of the majority of public assets in the province and each provides a wide array of services. Municipal finance is about the revenues and expenditures of municipal governments.  Across Ontario, different types of municipal governments (e.g., regions, cities, counties and townships) provide different services. This impacts their respective revenue and expenditures as well as level of service. Explore the different revenue and expenditures for municipal governments in Ontario.

Did you know that municipalities in Ontario have over $45B in revenues each year to pay for services, programs and fix and build their assets?!
The data set contains total revenue by type for municipalities. This includes taxes, revenue for specific functions (including grants, business enterprises, interest, etc.). The data set shows how each municipality in the province raises over $45B in revenues each year!
The below chart shows the Provincial Summary of Revenue for the years 2011-2015 by four main categories and shows year over year growth:
  1. Property Tax
  2. Grants
  3. User Fees
  4. Other Revenue

More than just the property tax...
Municipalities generate revenues in order to invest back into their communities from more than just property taxes.  Municipal governments can charge user fees for certain services. They can receive provincial and/or federal grants by services or functional categories. The Municipal Revenue (Grants, User Fees, and Other Municipalities) by Functional Category data set shows the breakdown of the revenue generated. These are sorted by functional categories and reported each year.
The two charts below show a summary of the municipal revenue for the year 2015 from both Ontario and Canada grants by service category.
Ontario Grants Revenue by Category

Canada Grants Revenue by Category

Municipal operations are the services and programs required in communities - to help you live, work, and play!
The Consolidated Statement of Operations: Expenses provides data on where municipalities invest to deliver the services they are required by law to deliver and services that communities want their municipal governments to invest in.  
The chart below provides total expenses after adjustments for the year 2015, by functional category, for all Ontario municipalities.

Tangible Capital Assets (TCA) by Function
The chart below illustrates where almost $9.5 billion of capital was dispersed in 2015 by service or functional category. It includes costs related to purchase, construction and development of tangible capital assets. Tangible capital assets are physical assets that have useful lives extending beyond a year. These items, which have a ‘shelf life’ and an economic value, are used to deliver services to the public for many years. TCA include such diverse items such as office equipment, land, highways, buildings, automobiles, computer hardware and software, sidewalks, bridges and water and sewer systems.